If your nails suddenly start to hurt without you knowing why, it can be worrying, especially if you tend to bite your nails. The good news is that these nail pains are usually not serious, but they could be a symptom of something more serious. In this article, we’ll cover the most common reasons why your nails may be sore, what to watch out for in terms of the severity of underlying symptoms, and how to recognize when it’s time to see a doctor. So read on to find out what could be causing your throbbing nail pain!

Our fingernails, whether toenails or fingernails, are made up of keratin, a strong, fibrous protein. They serve to protect the tips of our fingers and toes, but they also give us greater dexterity for precision tasks. In addition, they help to increase the sensitivity of our fingertips. What is even more remarkable is that cutting or removing nails does not cause any pain!

But what happens when they start hurting us?

Nail injuries:

First of all, the nails are subject to various types of trauma, whether during domestic accidents or during the practice of sports activities. The consequences can be more or less serious, ranging from a simple bruise to a broken phalanx or a torn nail. Among the most common lesions, the subungual hematoma is frequently observed. It is characterized by an effusion of blood under the nail, causing intense pain and giving the nail a black color. In some cases, drainage is necessary to evacuate blood and relieve pressure.

Solution :

To relieve pain associated with nail trauma, it is important to keep the area clean and apply a cold compress or ice pack for 20 minutes several times a day. Topical creams or ointments can also help reduce swelling and provide some relief. Finally, if the situation is serious, it is advisable to consult a doctor who can properly diagnose and treat the problem.

Nail conditions:

Apart from trauma, other health issues can affect our nails and cause pain. For example, onychomycosis, a fungal infection of the nail, can lead to thickening, peeling or discoloration of the nail, with sometimes significant pain. Periungual warts, which grow around the nail, can also be painful, especially when subjected to pressure or friction.

Solution :

Applying topical creams containing antifungal or anti-inflammatory agents can help relieve the pain and discomfort associated with nail disorders. Also, avoiding getting the nails wet too often, using protective gloves when working with harsh chemicals, and being careful not to injure them can help prevent further damage. In more severe cases, oral medications may be needed to completely eliminate symptoms.

Ingrown toenails:

Ingrown toenails are another common cause of toenail pain. It happens when the edge of the nail pushes into the surrounding skin causing inflammation and infection with swelling, redness, pain and sometimes pus. Ingrown toenails are especially common on the big toes and can be avoided by practicing proper nail trimming technique and wearing properly fitting shoes.

Solution :

You should first try to reduce the inflammation by applying a warm compress every two hours during the day. Taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can also help relieve pain from an ingrown toenail. If needed, removing some of the tissue surrounding the ingrown toenail can also help relieve pressure and discomfort caused by dirt or bacteria stuck under the toenail. However, if these methods do not work, a doctor should be consulted for further evaluation and treatment options.

Metabolic or nutritional disorders:

Finally, certain metabolic or nutritional disorders can also affect the health of our nails and cause pain. A deficiency in iron, zinc, vitamins or proteins can cause abnormalities in the structure of the nail, such as furrows or ridges, which can be painful.

Solution :

Pain associated with metabolic or nutritional disorders can usually be managed through lifestyle changes such as eating a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals and engaging in regular physical activity. Also, taking supplements containing calcium, zinc, and other essential nutrients can help relieve symptoms related to metabolic or nutritional deficiencies without causing further harm. Finally, it is recommended to consult a health professional specialized in nutrition if dietary modifications are not enough to properly manage the symptoms.

* criptom strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the opinion of a health professional.