Hallux valgus, also known as bunion, is a common foot condition that affects millions of people around the world. It requires special attention and care to avoid complications such as increased pain and limited range of motion. Despite its prevalence, determining whether or not to undergo surgery can be a difficult decision for patients with this disorder.

In this article, we provide you with an overview of hallux valgus as well as an overview of when surgery may be indicated for effective treatment. With the right information in hand, you will be able to make an informed decision on how best to move forward in treating your hallux valgus symptoms.

Find out what triggers hallux valgus.

Hallux valgus affects the joint at the base of the big toe and can cause pain, inflammation and deformity in the foot. Although it is not known exactly what causes hallux valgus, researchers have identified several triggers that can increase the likelihood of developing this condition. The most common trigger for hallux valgus is wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes that put pressure on the toes or cause them to rub against each other, causing mechanical stress on the joint.

Also, a family history of foot bunions increases the chances of developing this condition, as genetics may play a role. Other risk factors include age (the older you get, the greater your risk of developing hallux valgus), gender (women are more prone than men), and certain occupations or activities involving repetitive motions that strain the muscles. feet.

Finally, certain medical conditions such as arthritis can also increase the risk of developing bunions on the feet. Overall, taking care of your feet by avoiding shoes that are too tight and frequently refraining from activities that involve prolonged standing are important to reduce your risk of developing hallux valgus.

When can the development of hallux valgus be controlled?

Controlling the development of hallux valgus can be achieved by maintaining good foot health. It is :

1er advice :

Wear appropriate shoes that provide adequate support and cushioning, avoid excessive pressure on the front of the foot, and choose wide shoes that allow plenty of room for your toes.

2nd tip:

Adopt regular exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of your feet. Stretching exercises that target the Achilles tendon, calf muscles, and interosseous muscles are also recommended.

3ᵉ tip:

Orthotics, such as custom molded orthotics, can also be used to help control the development of hallux valgus by providing additional arch support. And helping to reduce stress on certain areas of the feet.

4ᵉ tip:

It’s important to use proper stretching techniques so you don’t overstretch or strain a particular muscle group. A physical therapist or podiatrist can be consulted to determine which type of orthosis is best suited to a person’s specific needs.

Tip 5:

Finally, it’s important to make sure your feet are free of calluses, which can put extra pressure on the big toe joint and increase your risk of developing hallux valgus.

It is important to stay proactive in taking steps to control hallux valgus before more serious treatment is needed. By following these simple steps, we can keep our feet healthy and prevent further hallux valgus damage from occurring.

When might surgery be needed?

  1. When other treatment options, such as orthotics or physical therapy, have been exhausted.
  2. In cases where conservative treatments are ineffective.
  3. In case of associated bunion, which is a protrusion of the base of the big toe joint caused by osteoarthritis.

The goals of the surgery are to reduce pain and make it easier to wear shoes without discomfort. Depending on the severity of the condition, different types of surgical procedures may be indicated, including soft tissue procedures, procedures to cut the bone (osteotomy), and fusion (arthrodesis). Recovery time varies, but it often takes several weeks before a full return to activity.

* criptom strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the opinion of a health professional.