Have you ever received a suspicious email from an unknown source claiming to be from your bank? Or maybe you were prompted to click on a link in text, resulting in the download of suspicious software? These are examples of phishing scams, which are malicious attempts by criminals to gain access to confidential personal or financial information.

In today’s digital world, it’s important for everyone to understand how phishing works and what steps you can take to avoid falling victim to this deceptive cyberattack. To help you protect yourself online, this article examines the different forms of phishing attacks and offers practical advice on how to avoid them. Read on to learn more about how to identify fraudulent emails and protect your sensitive information!

  1. Phishing:

Phishing is a cybercrime most of us have come across at least once. This malicious practice involves sending emails or texts pretending to be from a trusted source in order to gain access to personal information, such as bank details or personal information. Unfortunately, this malicious activity can have adverse consequences, as it can lead to identity theft and financial loss. To protect yourself, it is important to identify phishing attempts by always double-checking links before clicking on them and never entering sensitive information on an unsecured website or responding directly to emails asking you confidential data.

  1. Spear phishing:

A type of phishing that targets specific people or organizations with highly personalized emails. Unlike general attacks where a large number of people receive the same generic message, spear phishers craft individualized messages tailored to the recipient, tricking them into believing they are genuine. The attacker usually uses information from social media profiles or other public sources about the victim to make the email more convincing.

  1. The whaling:

Another type of targeted attack that specifically targets an organization’s senior executives. In this case, attackers use tactics similar to those used in spear phishing, but often target members of a management team with a higher level of authority or access. By targeting someone with high-level privileges within an organization, they are able to gain even greater access than if they were targeting a regular user.

  1. The phishing clone:

It involves creating an almost identical copy of an existing email that has already been sent to users by a trusted source, such as their bank, ISP, or employer, then modifying it slightly and resending it as a false pretense. The attacker usually modifies small details, like links or login credentials, so that unsuspecting users fall into his trap and enter their own sensitive information without realizing that they are transmitting data to someone else. other.

  1. The smishing:

The concept of smishing is similar to traditional SMS spam, but instead of trying to sell unwanted products via SMS, it is used for malicious purposes, namely tricking users into providing sensitive information about themselves or on their accounts for fraudulent purposes. Smishing authors typically create short messages containing urgent requests for users to click on links or provide login credentials – often claiming that failure to do so could result in some sort of punishment (e.g. suspension of their account).

  1. The vishing:

Voice phishing is another type of attack where attackers try to trick victims into providing confidential information over the phone rather than email or text. Attackers often pretend they are calling from a reputable institution, such as a bank or government agency, and attempt to trick people into revealing PIN codes, credit card details, etc. telling them something like “We need to confirm your account details for security reasons” – when in reality all they want are those details for their own criminal purposes.

  1. SEO Phishing:

Finally, there is SEO Phising (search engine optimization). This tactic takes advantage of search engine algorithms by creating websites whose domain name closely matches those of well-known companies, but whose URL actually belongs to the attacker.

For example: www.mywebsite.net instead of www.mywebsite.com. The website itself may look like a real site, but the data entered there ends up directly in the hands of the attackers. This can lead to serious financial loss for victims who unwittingly give out their personal information thinking they are dealing with a legitimate company’s website!

  1. Baiting or Baiting:

Baiting is a digital technique used to gain malicious access. It allows to deceive the user by luring him with something he wants: free software, exclusive content, etc. By clicking on the provided link, the user invites malware to enter their device, allowing criminals to gain access to personal information and data. All users should remain vigilant when clicking on confirmed links to ensure that their security is not compromised. It only takes a second for a malicious link to intrude on a person’s security. It is therefore essential to pay attention to all incoming connections.

* criptom strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the opinion of a health professional.