The best way to treat dry mouth, known medically as xerostomia, depends on its cause. There are steps you can take to temporarily relieve dry mouth. But to get the best long-term cure for dry mouth, you need to find out its cause.
To relieve your dry mouth:
– Chew sugar-free gum or suck on sugar-free hard candy to stimulate saliva flow. In some people, xylitol, which is often found in sugarless gum or candy, can cause diarrhea or cramps if consumed in large amounts.
– Limit your caffeine intake, as caffeine can make your mouth drier.
– Do not use mouthwashes containing alcohol, as they can be drying.
– Stop all tobacco use if you smoke or chew tobacco.
– Drink water regularly.
– Try over-the-counter saliva substitutes, look for products containing xylitol
– Try a mouthwash designed for dry mouth, especially a mouthwash containing xylitol which also offers protection against tooth decay.
– Avoid using over-the-counter antihistamines and decongestants, as they can make your symptoms worse.
– Breathe through your nose, not your mouth.
– Add moisture to the air at night with a room humidifier.
Also protect your mouth and teeth
Saliva is important for maintaining the health of your teeth and mouth. If you frequently experience dry mouth, these measures to protect your oral health may also help:
– Avoid sugary or acidic foods and drinks, as they increase the risk of tooth decay.
– Brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste
– Visit your dentist at least twice a year to detect and treat cavities or other dental problems.
Pay attention to your medications which may be the cause
If these measures don’t improve your dry mouth, talk to your doctor or dentist. The cause may be medication or another condition. Medications are one of the most common causes of dry mouth. Long-term relief from your dry mouth may mean stopping or changing your medication or its dosage, or dealing with underlying health conditions.