Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes visible redness and blood vessels on the face. It may also produce small red bumps filled with pus. These signs and symptoms may get worse for weeks or months and then go away for a while. Rosacea can be confused with acne, other skin problems.
Rosacea can affect anyone. But it is more common in middle-aged women who have fair skin. There is no cure for rosacea, but a few precautions can help control and reduce signs and symptoms.
The signs and symptoms of rosacea are as follows
Rosacea usually causes persistent redness in the central part of the face. Small blood vessels in the nose and cheeks often swell and become visible.
Red, swollen bumps
Many people with rosacea also develop pimples on their face that look like acne. These bumps sometimes contain pus. Your skin may be hot and sensitive.
Many people with rosacea also have dry, irritated, puffy eyes and red, swollen eyelids. This is called ocular rosacea. In some people, eye symptoms precede skin symptoms.
Over time, rosacea can thicken the skin of the nose, giving the nose a bulbous appearance. This happens more often in men than in women.
When to consult a doctor
If you have persistent facial redness, see your doctor or a skin care specialist (dermatologist) for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Main causes of rosacea
The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it could be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Rosacea is not caused by a lack of hygiene.
A number of factors can trigger flare-ups, including:
Hot drinks and spicy foods
Red wine and other alcoholic beverages
The sun or the wind
Medicines that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medicines
Various cosmetic products
Rosacea risk factors
Anyone can develop rosacea. But you are more likely to develop it if you:
are a woman
with fair skin, especially if it has been damaged by the sun
are over 30
Have a family history of rosacea
Over time, the sebaceous glands in the nose and sometimes the cheeks become larger, causing tissue to build up on and around the nose. A condition called rhinophyma. This complication is much more common in men and develops slowly over a period of years.
No specific test is used to diagnose rosacea. Instead, your doctor relies on your symptom history and an examination of your skin. You may have tests to rule out other conditions, such as psoriasis, eczema, or lupus. These conditions can sometimes cause signs and symptoms similar to rosacea.
If your symptoms involve your eyes, your doctor may refer you to an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) for an evaluation.
Control the signs and symptoms of rosacea and prevent flare-ups:
Identify and avoid triggers
Pay attention to what tends to cause breakouts for you and avoid these factors.
Protect your face
Apply sunscreen daily. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen, which blocks both ultraviolet A and B rays, with an index of 30 or more. Apply sunscreen before applying any cosmetics.
Take other measures to protect your skin, such as wearing a hat and avoiding the midday sun. In cold and windy weather, wear a scarf or ski mask.
Treat your skin gently
Do not rub or touch your face too much. Use a soap-free cleanser and moisturize frequently. Avoid products that contain alcohol or other skin irritants.
Reduce visible redness with makeup
Certain makeup products and techniques can help reduce the appearance of redness in the skin. Try powder cosmetics with a green tone and a matte finish.
A gentle daily facial massage can help reduce swelling and inflammation. Make a circular motion with your fingers starting from the central part of the face and working towards the ears.
A recent study suggests that caffeine may reduce the risk of developing rosacea. Nevertheless, hot drinks are a common trigger.
Many other alternative therapies including emu oil, laurel wood, and oregano oil have been touted as possible ways to treat rosacea.
Find the ideal routine to care for your skin with skincare
We would all like to have beautiful skin, and not need to use filters on our mobile phone to display a fresh and radiant complexion. And spending all your money on products that call themselves miracles is not the right solution. No, the only question you need to ask yourself is: how to have beautiful skin with skincare?
This is the very first step to take. Before you want to treat your skin and take care of it, you simply have to know it. Each person has their own unique skin. You must therefore identify yours, notice its weak points and its strong points. Is your skin oily? Is it dry? Is it mixed? Do you suffer from redness? Then target the issues that bother you. Are these acne pimples? Wrinkles?
Skincare concerns a certain number of practices which make it possible to relieve all skin conditions. Your skin may need to be nourished, hydrated, protected from pollution or even from the sun. To find the right routine, it is therefore essential to know your skin.
Once this is done, you have the best chance of finding the products that exactly target your problems and can help you solve them. Even if, as a reminder, the products themselves are not magic potions. The skin also reflects your lifestyle. And water remains the best of your allies, while alcohol, tobacco or fatty or processed food are enemies to banish.
But the products are still a way to improve the condition of your skin, and finally display the complexion you so desire, luminous, fresh and radiant.
Van Zuuren EJ, et al. Interventions for rosacea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Accessed June 14, 2019.
Aldrich N, et al. Genetic vs environmental factors that correlate with rosacea: A cohort-based survey of twins. JAMA Dermatology. 2015;151:1213.
LiS, et al. Association of caffeine intake and caffeinated coffee consumption with risk of incident rosacea in women. JAMA Dermatology. 2018;15:1394.