Colon cancer is the most common digestive cancer. For the French, it is the second cause of death by cancer. It is a malignant tumor, which evolves from the cells that snuggle up the inner lining of the colon. People with this disease are mostly men and older women (over 50).
Colon cancer: causes, symptoms and risk factors
Symptoms of colon and rectal cancer grow silently and sometimes difficult to detect. Indeed, they resemble chronic diseases like constipation, hemorrhoids, jaundice, anemia, anorexia. As well as bloating and abdominal cramps.
Causes and risk factors are sometimes heredity, excess weight, inflammatory bowel disease. We also note a sedentary lifestyle, the consumption of certain foods (grilled meats, barbecues, charcuterie), smoking and alcohol abuse.
How to treat colon cancer?
These different signs can surely mimic the ones you could easily come across in everyday life. In addition, colon cancer takes time to really show up. But in case these symptoms persist or there is blood in the stool, it is advisable to consult your doctor. This makes it possible to diagnose the tumor well in advance, to provide appropriate treatment and to avoid possible aggravations. It is better to prevent than to cure, because indeed, the treatment of this type of cancer comes down for the most part to a surgical removal. Patients may also have access to radiotherapy, chemotherapy or even colostomy.
Diet to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer
To fight against possible diseases, in particular Colon Cancer, think first of all to protect the body well. Choose all the foods that defend you and give you energy. That is to say, all foods that are rich in micronutrients, mineral salts, soluble fibers, carotenoids, vegetable proteins and vitamins. Also take the foods that have a lot of fatty acids (mono-initiated), omega-3 and 6 and polyphenols.
All of these are useful for boost the immune defense. The daily introduction of these substances in your diet can only be beneficial for your health and your physique.
Practical tips to help prevent colon cancer
- The first thing to do is to protect the digestive tract by avoiding or limiting the intake of alcohol and tobacco.
- Then, it is necessary to limit the consumption of red meats (lamb, beef, horse and charcuterie) and fatty foods that promote inflammation. On the other hand, it is necessary to increase the fiber intake, which promotes the growth of colon microbiota (green vegetables, legumes, fruits and cereals).
- Finally, it is necessary to prioritize the physical exercises which essentially offer a protective action on colorectal cancer.