More and more people are opting for a vegetarian or vegan diet, whether for ethical, environmental or health reasons. However, these two diets are often confused, and it is important to understand their differences.

vegetarian diet

The vegetarian diet excludes the consumption of meat, fish and seafood. Vegetarians can, however, consume dairy products, eggs and honey. There are several types of vegetarian diets, ranging from lacto-ovo-vegetarianism (consumption of dairy products and eggs) to pesco-vegetarianism (consumption of fish).

There are various reasons why people opt for a vegetarian diet. Some people do it for ethical reasons, in protest against the meat industry or for environmental concerns. Others do it for health reasons, to reduce their intake of saturated fat and cholesterol.

vegan diet

The vegan diet, on the other hand, excludes all animal products, including dairy, eggs and honey. Vegans eat mainly vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds. Vegans can also use plant-based alternatives to animal products, such as almond milk or tofu.

The reasons why people choose to follow a vegan diet are also diverse. Some people do it for ethical reasons, in protest against animal exploitation. Others do it for environmental reasons, as the meat industry has a big impact on the environment. Still others do it for health reasons, as a plant-based diet can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancer.

The differences

The main difference between a vegetarian diet and a vegan diet is that the vegan diet excludes all animal products, including by-products like dairy and eggs. In addition, the vegan diet is often considered stricter and more restrictive than the vegetarian diet. Vegans not only eat differently from vegetarians, but they also have a different lifestyle, avoiding the use of any animal products, including leather or woolen clothing.

However, it is important to note that following a vegan diet may require special planning and attention to ensure that nutritional needs are met. Vegans should be mindful of their intake of protein, iron, calcium, vitamin B12 and other essential nutrients.


In conclusion, it is important to understand the differences between a vegetarian diet and a vegan diet. Although both diets exclude the consumption of meat, fish, and seafood, the vegan diet goes further by excluding all animal products, including dairy and eggs. The reasons why people choose one or the other diet are diverse and depend on factors such as personal beliefs, food preferences and individual nutritional needs.

Ultimately, no matter what diet you choose, the key is to eat a variety of healthy, balanced foods to maintain good health. It’s also important to consult with a healthcare professional or nutritionist to ensure your nutritional needs are met and your diet is right for your lifestyle.

* criptom strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the opinion of a health professional.