Have you ever woken up one morning, looked in the mirror and discovered a red, swollen pimple that wasn’t there the night before? If so, you have experienced acne, a common and often frustrating skin condition, acne is more than just a rash, it can affect our self-esteem and well-being. be emotional.

But what exactly causes these unwanted rashes? Why are some people more affected than others and how can they be prevented? We reveal its causes and give advice for its prevention, get ready to discover how you can take control of your skin and fight acne effectively.

The causes of acne

Acne is a common skin condition that can be caused by a complex combination of factors, in addition to hormones, bacteria and dead skin cells, other factors like genetics, diet and stress can play a role. a role in the appearance of acne.

When the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum, an oily substance that helps protect the skin, pores can become clogged and create blackheads or pimples. Hormones also play an important role in causing acne, especially during puberty, menstruation and pregnancy, periods of hormonal fluctuations that can cause increased sebum production.

Bacteria can also contribute to acne by creating an environment for them to grow in clogged pores, which can make breakouts worse, each person may have a different experience of acne, with varying triggers and symptoms , so consult a dermatologist to determine the best treatment approach for each individual.

Link between diet and acne

The link between diet and acne has been the subject of much research over the years, with results suggesting that what we eat can actually impact our skin, several studies have shown a correlation between a diet high in high glycemic foods (such as processed foods, sugary drinks, and starchy foods) and an increase in acne.

These foods can cause rapid spikes in blood sugar, which can lead to overproduction of insulin and an increase in hormones that stimulate sebum production, a key factor in acne, certain dairy products, especially milk skim, have also been associated with acne.

Although research is still ongoing to fully understand this link, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains may help prevent or reduce acne due to their low glycemic index and richness in beneficial nutrients. for the skin, each person is unique and the impact of diet on acne can vary from one individual to another.

Acne treatments

Acne treatment varies greatly depending on the severity of the condition and each person’s individual reaction, for mild to moderate acne, topical treatments such as retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acids and azelaic can be effective, these products work by exfoliating the skin, reducing inflammation and killing bacteria that can cause acne, for more severe or resistant acne, oral medications such as antibiotics, contraceptives orals, or isotretinoin (a strong medication usually reserved for severe, persistent acne) can be prescribed by a dermatologist.

Certain therapies, such as light therapy or laser therapy, may also be beneficial for some patients, note that treating acne can be time consuming and often requires a combination approach. It is recommended that you consult a medical professional to determine the best treatment plan for your specific situation.

acne prevention

Although it’s hard to completely prevent acne, there are steps you can take to reduce the risk of breakouts.

Maintain a regular skin care routine. This includes cleansing the skin twice daily with a gentle cleanser and using a non-comedogenic moisturizer to maintain moisture balance.

Refrain from touching your face as much as possible, hands can carry bacteria which can clog pores and cause breakouts.

Avoid eating foods high in sugar and fat, as they can increase sebum production and make breakouts worse.

Acne can be an embarrassing skin problem, but there are steps you can take to prevent it, by following a regular skincare routine, avoiding touching your face as much as possible, and avoiding rich foods. sugar and fat, you can reduce the risk of breakouts and maintain healthy, glowing skin.

* criptom strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the opinion of a health professional.